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Part 2: A History of the Gas Crisis, or How We Ended Up Where We Are Now

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A History of the Gas Crisis: Part 2 (1963-Present)

(You are currently reading Part 2 of A History of the Gas Crisis. To read Part 1 of this article, click here.)

Further Problems in the Sinai

Gamal Abdel NasserBy 1963, Arab states had formed the Arab League and founded the Palestine Liberation Organization that broke up into divisions. Strict criterion was implemented through the Palestine national Charter, which solicited the overthrow of Israel. Numerous terrorist attacks were thrust upon Israel by 1967, the victims – innocent, helpless citizens. Palestinian armed forces were passing through Jordan, the Gaza Strip and Lebanon to get to Israel. Nasser’s intent wasn’t just on tormenting Israelis, but also to weaken the authority of King Hussein. Aware of the danger imposed by both Nasser and the PLO, he succeeded on shutting down PLO offices in Jerusalem as well as having associates detained, the groups identification revoked.

Syria grew more antagonistic of Israel, with the launching of assaults on Israelis becoming more common. Despite complaints to the United Nations, the UN didn’t provide any assistance and even denounced Israel for retribution. After further assail, Israel struck back and gunned some of their attack aircraft furnished by the Soviet Union. The Soviets misrepresented knowledge to Syria that Israel had a vast defense devised and was gearing up for combat. Although Israel repudiated, Syria called upon Egypt for help regardless of their upholding for peace.
As Syria and Egypt surrounded Israel, Nasser instructed the UN Emergency Force to disengage without notifying the General Assembly as they were supposed to. Egypt managed to prevent Israel from obtaining oil from Iran by isolating entrances.

In 1956, the US had informed Israel that they had rightful access to the Straits of Tiran. In 1957, naval authorities stated that Israel had privileges to passage of the Strait. Besieging of the Strait desecrated the Convention on the Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone enacted by the UN Conference on the Law of the Sea in 1958. President Johnson thought the action to be unlawful and urged Israel not to engage in conflict.

Nasser proceeded to provoke and antagonize Israel. King Hussein endorsed a peace treaty with Egypt. Israel now faced Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq. Behind them were Algeria, Kuwait, Sudan and the Arab countries. The US tried, but could not sway Nasser and the Arabs from their mission. President Johnson admonished that Israel wouldn’t have to go it alone, but once the war started, the State Department proclaimed to be impartial. Since the Arabs misleadingly incriminated the US of transporting weapons to Israel, Johnson placed an embargo on Israel abstaining them from arms, as did France.

Meanwhile, the Arabs had an enormous defense system contributed by the Soviets, while Kuwait, Algeria, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq supplied Egypt, Syria and Jordan. But Israel had brainstormed and devised the plan to employ their air forces during the early morning hours while other armies were busily eating. They made major progress with this move, but the battle advanced to land. Israel promised not to assault Jordan unless they initiated action. But Egypt misinformed them and they attacked; however, Israel was triumphant and acquired old Jerusalem. Arab legislators circulated hearsay that young people would be annihilated though Israelis pressured some Palestinians to relocate for their own safety and those who weren’t to return, they even aided in settling elsewhere.

Possible Soviet Intervention

After Israel captured Sinai, the Golan Heights and the West Bank, and the US was alerted that the Soviets might step in, the Secretary of State cautioned Israel to stop shooting and they heeded, but already with great devastation. Israel found itself in charge of over half a million Palestinians opposed to their dictators. The UN Security Council assumed a declaration of peace between Arabs and Israelis. Israelis desired amity with their fellow inhabitants and did attempt to make the transition undisruptive. They supplied means of financial assistance and moved people into homes. They were granted independence and allowed to vote.

The Yom Kippur War, OAPEC and the Oil Embargo

The Gas Crisis of 1973Finally, we come to 1973, when once again, Israel was under assault by Egypt and Syrian soldiers, on Yom Kippur, the most important of Jewish holidays. The US provided Israel with provisions, igniting the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). At this time, people were buying and driving more vehicles than ever. Our oil intake was soaring, but output was slowing down. Government expenditures had elevated since the Vietnam War. OAPEC banned oil exports to the US because they came to the conclusion that with their oil, they maintained the power. Gasoline prices rose to four times as much, limits were enforced and people started downsizing in their choices of automobiles.

As a result, attention became directed at vital matters that impacted every existence on Earth. Preserving the environment began building up incentive in the United States as people started to realize that the tendencies in which we utilized our economics negatively affected our surroundings and the correlation prompted focus on the depletion of natural resources.

The embargo lasted until 1974, when Israel and Syria agreed to come to an accommodation. The population diverted back to larger vehicles. Then in 1979, Iran’s autocracy was superseded by an Islamic theocratic government, which resulted in the cost of gasoline rising to one dollar. The lines at the pumps were hours in waiting as cars wasted gas idling, drivers were outraged, truckers demonstrated, people were wounded and apprehended, and for a short period there was an insufficiency. By then, Jimmy Carter was in office and government ordinances had to be constricted, which caused oil production to spike simultaneously to imports decreasing. From 1980 until 1986, costs remained high because of increased demand, rising expenses of manufacturing, more money prevalent, and credit extended. In 1986, prices began to fall again because OPEC over-produced, but the demand went up too. And in 2008, and again in 2011 we were shocked to see the digits at the pumps roll up to four dollars per gallon.

People find fault with corporations, but they only respond to and provide what we want and buy. There are ways we can cut down our reliance on gasoline, such as walking, bicycling or taking public transportation when adequate. Carpooling and shopping for smaller cars rather than SUV’s and trucks cuts down on use too. Driving at a steady, standard speed can also save, just as making sure tires are properly inflated and getting regular tune-ups. If you think you will be sitting somewhere for a period of time waiting for someone, shut the engine off. When stopping at the market try to be prepared by grabbing all the goods you’ll need for the week or month rather than making many stops. If you’re taking a trip, consider traveling when traffic is at its lowest capacity. Electric and hybrids cars are a sure buy in today’s market.

It’s uncertain as to whether the incidents taking place in Egypt will hit us hard yet again, but it doesn’t hurt to ready ourselves and our automobiles.

(To read Part 1 of this article, click here.)

–Kelly Morrissette is a Contributor to The Free George.

The Free George is the online magazine and visitors’ guide of Upstate NY, covering things from Albany to Lake Placid, including Saratoga, the Lake George region and the Adirondacks. Check out our new City Blogs section for our extended coverage areas as well.

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